How to use slices ( like dynamic array ) in go language ?

An array has a fixed size. A slice, on the other hand, is a dynamically-sized, flexible view into the elements of an array. In practice, slices are much more common than arrays.

The type []T is a slice with elements of type T.

A slice is formed by specifying two indices, a low and high bound, separated by a colon: a[low : high]
This selects a half-open range which includes the first element, but excludes the last one.

The following expression creates a slice which includes elements 1 through 3 of a: a[1:4]

 $ vim slices.go 
// _Slices_ are a key data type in Go, giving a more
// powerful interface to sequences than arrays.

package main

import "fmt"

func process(names []string) {
  names[0] = "a"
  names[1] = "b"
  names[2] = "c"
}

func main() {

    // Unlike arrays, slices are typed only by the
    // elements they contain (not the number of elements).
    // To create an empty slice with non-zero length, use
    // the builtin `make`. Here we make a slice of
    // `string`s of length `3` (initially zero-valued).
    s := make([]string, 3)
    fmt.Println("emp:", s)

    // We can set and get just like with arrays.
//    s[0] = "a"
//    s[1] = "b"
//    s[2] = "c"

	process(s)

    fmt.Println("set:", s)
    fmt.Println("get:2", s[2])

    // `len` returns the length of the slice as expected.
    fmt.Println("len:", len(s))

    // In addition to these basic operations, slices
    // support several more that make them richer than
    // arrays. One is the builtin `append`, which
    // returns a slice containing one or more new values.
    // Note that we need to accept a return value from
    // append as we may get a new slice value.
    s = append(s, "d")
    s = append(s, "e", "f")
    fmt.Println("apd:", s)

    // Slices can also be `copy`'d. Here we create an
    // empty slice `c` of the same length as `s` and copy
    // into `c` from `s`.
    c := make([]string, len(s))
    copy(c, s)
    fmt.Println("cpy:", c)

    // Slices support a "slice" operator with the syntax
    // `slice[low:high]`. For example, this gets a slice
    // of the elements `s[2]`, `s[3]`, and `s[4]`.
    l := s[2:5]
    fmt.Println("sl1:", l)

    // This slices up to (but excluding) `s[5]`.
    l = s[:5]
    fmt.Println("sl2:", l)

    // And this slices up from (and including) `s[2]`.
    l = s[2:]
    fmt.Println("sl3:", l)

    // We can declare and initialize a variable for slice
    // in a single line as well.
    t := []string{"g", "h", "i"}
    fmt.Println("dcl:", t)

    // Slices can be composed into multi-dimensional data
    // structures. The length of the inner slices can
    // vary, unlike with multi-dimensional arrays.
    twoD := make([][]int, 3)
    for i := 0; i < 3; i++ {
        innerLen := i + 1
        twoD[i] = make([]int, innerLen)
        for j := 0; j < innerLen; j++ {
            twoD[i][j] = i + j
        }
    }
    fmt.Println("2d: ", twoD)
}
 $ go run slices.go 
emp: [  ]
set: [a b c]
get:2 c
len: 3
apd: [a b c d e f]
cpy: [a b c d e f]
sl1: 
sl2: [a b c d e]
sl3: 
dcl: [g h i]
2d:  [[0] [1 2] [2 3 4]]
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