Understanding libusb

How data can be transferred on the bus.

To transfer data to or from a device, first a handle needs to be obtained to the device. libusb is a user-level library that may be used to implement client-side functionality for USB on Linux. libusb requires that the function namely usb_init() be called before any other function is called. To get to access the various devices on the bus, two functions may be called in sequence: usb_find_busses(), usb_find_devices() . Calling these functions leads to initialization of a global link list names bus (of type usb_bus). The number of elements in this link link is equal to the number of busses on the system. The structure usb_type has a field named devices , which in itself is a linked list of all devices (of type usb_device)on the bus.

After calling the two functions (usb_find_busses() and usb_find_devices()), to get a handle to the required device, all that needs to be done is iteration along the linked list of the devices on the file, to get access to each of the devices. On reaching the desired device, a handle to the device may be obtained by calling the usb_open() method, passing a pointer to the usb_device structure as a parameter.
Once the handle has been obtained, one may use the whole lot of libusb functions on the handle.

The range of functions broadly classify into two classes:

  • those for configuring the device: usb_set_configuration, usb_claim_interface
  • those for doing data transfer: usb_bulk_write,usb_bulk_read,usb_control_msg

Refer Github Libusb Wiki for more details – https://github.com/libusb/libusb/wiki

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